Frequently Asked Questions
- Order Status
- Payment Options
- Promotion Codes
- Return Policies
- What are your general return policies?
- How do I return an item?
- How long will it take to process?
- How will my money be credited to me?
- Footwear. Can I return it?
- Underwear. Can I return it?
- Custom items. Can I return them?
- Semi-Custom items. Can I return them?
- Saddles. Can I try out and return them?
- International Order. Can I return it?
- Outlet Items. Can I return them?
- Horse Blankets. Can I return them?
- Equestrian Collections Warranty
- Why did I get a Store Credit?
- Shipping Information
- How are shipping rates calculated?
- Do you ship internationally?
- What are the international rates?
- What are the Canada shipping rates?
- What is rate for Australia/Indonesia?
- What is rate for Asia?
- What is the rate for Europe?
- What is the rate for Middle East?
- What is Rate for Scandinavia & Spain?
- What is the rate for the Caribbean?
- What is the rate to India and Pakistan?
- What is the rate to Korea?
- What is the rate for South America?
- What is the rate for Mexico?
- What is rate for South Africa?
- What is rate for Russia/ Eastern Europe
- What is $120 Free Shipping All About?
- Can I have multiple shipping addresses?
- When will I receive my order?
- Can I expedite a shipment?
- Footwear to return. How do I do that?
- Saddle to return. How do I do that?
- How do I change my shipping address?
- When should I insure my package?
- I won't be home when my package arrives?
- What is a default shipping address?
- Where will my package ship from?
- What about Insurance?
- Are there any customs & duty involved?
- What are Free Shipping Products?
- What is Express Shopping?
- Can I track my order on line?
- Do I need to create an account to order?
- How do I order?
- How do I add items to my cart?
- How can I remove an item?
- How do I check out?
- Is the ordering process secure?
- What about shipping?
- What about taxes?
- What guarantees do you have?
- What payment methods to you accept?
- When will my order arrive?
- What is Express Shopping?
- How does the Myler Bit Rental Work?
- How do I edit my Credit Card?
- Credit Card Problems?
- Contact and Communication
- Recalls and Disclaimers
- Ways to Save
- Fundraising and Sponsorship
More About Equestrian Collections
- About Us
- About our website
- About our products
- About our brands
- About our customers
- Interested in Being One of Our Vendors?
Privacy and Security
- Your Privacy
- Your Security
- Children's Guidelines
Tips and Helpful Hints
- Tips for the Rider
- Choosing an Equestrian Sports Bra
- Boots, Boots, Boots - Which to Choose?!
- Riding Helmets & Safety Equipment
- Tips for Choosing a Winter Jacket
- Choosing Schooling Breeches
- Gifts for Your Trainer
- Fall Fashion Season!
- Getting Started: Equipment for Beginners
- About Full Seat Breeches
- Safety Tips for Hunting Season
- What to Wear to Your First Show!
- A-Circuit Trends on a Budget
- Made in the USA
- Fire Safety - Mitigation and Evacuation
- Your Fall Equestrian To-Do List
- Equestrian Undergarments
- Equestrian Fitness
- American vs Euro Sizing
- Tips for Horse
- Ask the Vet, Sallie S. Hyman VMD, DACVIM
- What do I do for an Equine Runny Nose?
- How do I Handle a Vaccine Reaction?
- What About Joint Supplements?
- How Hot is too Hot?
- Barn Biosecurity. Why it matters!
- Thrush. What is it? How do I treat it?
- Equine First Aid. What do I Need?
- Grazing Muzzles and Metabolic Syndrome
- Shoo Fly! Horses vs. Flies ...
- Equine Vital Signs. What's Normal?
- Sheath and Udder Cleaning
- Cribbing. How Do I Make it Stop?
- Saddle Pads. What Kind Should I Buy?
- Trailering 101
- Saddle Fitting
- To Blanket or Not to Blanket
- Equine Vaccination Basics
- Equine Leg Protection
- Mini Horse Health
- Equine Dental Health
- Stable Vices
- The Prepurchase Examination
- Foals: What to Watch For
- Pain Management
- Draft Horses
- Hay Basics
- Barn Safety
- Calming Supplements
- Cold Weather Riding
- Equine Hoof Abscesses
- Bute and Banamine
- Equine Internal Parasites
- Equine Endurance and Electrolytes
- Burn Injuries
- West Nile
- Cold Weather Care
- Cold Weather Care for the Senior Horse
- Equine Rhinitis Virus
- Equine Ulcers
- Rain Rot
- Fall Hazards: Red Maple Leaf Toxicity
- 2013 AAEP Convention
- "Heaves" What is it?
- Lyme Disease
- Holiday Hazards
- Fashion Focus
Super Sponsorship Affiliate Program
- Become a Super Sponsorship Affiliate
- Successful Sponsorship Affiliates are...
- Equestrian Non-Profits
- Equestrian Interest Portals
- Equestrian Community Sites
- Equestrian Dating Sites
- Equestrian Travel Sites
- Boarding & Training Barns
- Equestrian Content & Information Sites
- Equestrian Organization Sites - 1 level
- Equestrian Organization Sites - Multi
- Equestrian Clubs
- Horse Show Sites
- Equestrian Consumer Shows
- Equestrian Directories
- Equestrian Services Sites
- Equestrian College Sites
- How the Program Works for You...
- The Power of Super Sponsorship
- Monthly Payments
- Participation is Easy & Free
Ask the Vet, Sallie S. Hyman VMD, DACVIM: Equine Vaccination Basics
Time for Fall shots. As horse owners you diligently make an appointment with the vet to come out to vaccinate your horses as scheduled. Vaccination is an immensely important part of maintaining your horse’s health. The advent of vaccination has decreased the mortality and morbidity of many diseases that used to claim thousands of equine lives. And although every horse should be vaccinated, a one size fits all vaccination program is no longer warranted. What your horse receives should be based on sound medical advice from your veterinarian.
Exactly what is a vaccine and how does it work?
The word "vaccine" is derived from the Latin, vaccinus, which means "of a cow." Edward Jenner produced the vaccine against small pox by using cow pox virus, hence the use of the term.
When the body encounters a foreign substance, called an antigen, the immune system goes on alert. White blood cells called T and B lymphoctes produce antibodies. These antibodies will interact with specific antigens and form an antigen/antibody complex. Other cells of the immune system then target these complexes for destruction and remove them from the body, thus preventing disease. When we vaccinate, we are introducing antigen into the body in order to stimulate the body to produce antibodies against whatever disease for which we want protection. Vaccines do not produce a large scale antibody response that might make us or a horse feel sick, but just enough to get the right antibodies. The most important part of the immune response that takes place, however, is the development of the memory cells for that particular antigen. If the body ever encounters that antigen again, it will mount a swift and exuberant response because of those memory cells. This quick response will help to prevent or lessen the severity of the disease encountered.
What different types of vaccines are there?
There are now several types of vaccines on the market that are designed to stimulate the immune response. Each has it pros and cons, so it is important to discuss with your veterinarian which type is best for your horse. The most widely used types used today are:
Modified Live- made from the disease causing agent that has been made less virulent. The agent can replicate and shedding of active agent is a small concern.
Killed-made from the killed agent. The agent cannot replicate or be transmitted. Adjuvants (components that amplify and modulate the immune response) are necessary to make the vaccine work. Adjuvants have been implicated in some vaccine reactions.
Recombinant-made from antigenic pieces of a pathogen that is combined into a harmless carrier.
How effective are vaccines?
It must be remembered that vaccination is not 100% protective. It is one part of an overall health management program. When considering vaccination, keep in mind the risk of exposure, the age of your horse, what your horse does for a living, and your geographical area. All of these factors will influence which vaccines you give and how you give them. Individuals also have different responses to vaccination as to how robust an immune response they will have or how long it will last. And no vaccine will be effective if it is not given properly. Make sure that you allow your veterinarian to give the proper initial series and boosters for all vaccines. Vaccine schedules for foals have been modified in the last few years based on research. Of greatest note is for equine influenza. Influenza vaccine should not be administered to foals less than 6 months of age due to strong and persistent maternal antibodies. Vaccinating too soon can lead to inadequate protection later in life.
Which vaccines do my horses need?
The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) have recently come up with vaccination guidelines. The AVMA has categorized vaccines as core and risk-based. Core vaccines are those “that protect from disease that are endemic to a region, those with potential pubic health significance, required by law, virulent/highly infectious, and/or those posing risk of severe disease. Core vaccines have clearly demonstrated efficacy and safely and thus exhibit a high enough level of patient benefit and low enough level of risk to justify their use in the majority of patients.”
Core equine vaccines include:
- Eastern Equine Encephalitis
- Western Equine Encephalitis
- West Nile
Every horse should be vaccinated for these diseases. Not long ago, there were sections of the country where there was no West Nile Virus. Unfortunately, that is no longer the case. Horse owners should also not become lackadaisical about a disease just because they haven’t heard of any cases in their area or they decide to save money by vaccinating for the disease “du jour” and not some of the basic ones. An example of this occurred in South Carolina when West Nile Virus first entered the state. Many owners chose to vaccinate for West Nile in place of Eastern Encephalitis. Unfortunately, South Carolina was about to experience a normal cyclical outbreak of Eastern Encephalitis that year. Hundreds, possibly thousands of horses died from encephalitis that year because they were not properly vaccinated.
Risk-based vaccines include:
- Rhinopneumonitis (equine herpes)
- Equine Viral Arteritis
- Equine Influenza
- Potomac Horse Fever
- Rotaviral Diarrhea
- Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis
How do I decide which risk based vaccines to give?
Horse owners should formulate a plan with their veterinarian as to which of the risk-based vaccines are appropriate for their horses.
Information in this article is for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for evaluation by an equine professional. In particular, all horse owners should seek advice from a veterinarian for their horses medical needs.
- Company Info
- About Equestrian Collections
- About our Website
- 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
- Customer Testimonials
- Rewards Program
- Join the Mount Up to Rewards Program
- Rewards for You
- Affiliate Program
- Become an Equestrian Collections Affiliate
- Sponsorships & Fundraising
- My Account
- Order Tracking
- Returns and Exchanges
- Shipping Info
- We Care
- Eco-Conscious Products
- No Paper Catalogs - Save Trees