Frequently Asked Questions
- Order Status
- Payment Options
- Promotion Codes
- Return Policies
- What are your general return policies?
- How do I return an item?
- How long will it take to process?
- How will my money be credited to me?
- Footwear. Can I return it?
- Underwear. Can I return it?
- Custom items. Can I return them?
- Semi-Custom items. Can I return them?
- Saddles. Can I try out and return them?
- International Order. Can I return it?
- Outlet Items. Can I return them?
- Horse Blankets. Can I return them?
- Equestrian Collections Warranty
- Why did I get a Store Credit?
- Shipping Information
- What is 1-Way & 2-Way Premium Shipping?
- How are shipping rates calculated?
- Do you ship internationally?
- What are the international rates?
- What are the Canada shipping rates?
- What is rate for Australia/Indonesia?
- What is rate for Asia?
- What is the rate for Europe?
- What is the rate for Middle East?
- What is Rate for Scandinavia & Spain?
- What is the rate for the Caribbean?
- What is the rate to India and Pakistan?
- What is the rate to Korea?
- What is the rate for South America?
- What is the rate for Mexico?
- What is rate for South Africa?
- What is rate for Russia/ Eastern Europe
- What is $200 Free Shipping All About?
- Can I have multiple shipping addresses?
- When will I receive my order?
- Can I expedite a shipment?
- Footwear to return. How do I do that?
- Saddle to return. How do I do that?
- How do I change my shipping address?
- When should I insure my package?
- I won't be home when my package arrives?
- What is a default shipping address?
- Where will my package ship from?
- What about Insurance?
- Are there any customs & duty involved?
- What are Free Shipping Products?
- What is Express Shopping?
- Can I track my order on line?
- Do I need to create an account to order?
- How do I order?
- How do I add items to my cart?
- How can I remove an item?
- How do I check out?
- Is the ordering process secure?
- What about shipping?
- What about taxes?
- What guarantees do you have?
- What payment methods to you accept?
- When will my order arrive?
- What is Express Shopping?
- What are Blowout Products?
- How does the Myler Bit Rental Work?
- How do I edit my Credit Card?
- Credit Card Problems?
- Contact and Communication
- Recalls and Disclaimers
- Ways to Save
- EC Auctions
- Specials and Coupons
- Fundraising and Sponsorship
More About Equestrian Collections
- About Us
- About our website
- About our products
- About our brands
- About our customers
- Interested in Being One of Our Vendors?
Privacy and Security
- Your Privacy
- Your Security
- Children's Guidelines
Mount Up to Rewards
- Rewards for You
- About Mount Up to Rewards
Tips and Helpful Hints
- Tips for the Rider
- Choosing an Equestrian Sports Bra
- Boots, Boots, Boots - Which to Choose?!
- Riding Helmets & Safety Equipment
- Tips for Choosing a Winter Jacket
- Choosing Schooling Breeches
- Gifts for Your Trainer
- Fall Fashion Season!
- Getting Started: Equipment for Beginners
- About Full Seat Breeches
- Safety Tips for Hunting Season
- What to Wear to Your First Show!
- A-Circuit Trends on a Budget
- Made in the USA
- Fire Safety - Mitigation and Evacuation
- Your Fall Equestrian To-Do List
- Equestrian Undergarments
- Equestrian Fitness
- Tips for Horse
- Ask the Vet, Sallie S. Hyman VMD, DACVIM
- What do I do for an Equine Runny Nose?
- How do I Handle a Vaccine Reaction?
- What About Joint Supplements?
- How Hot is too Hot?
- Barn Biosecurity. Why it matters!
- Thrush. What is it? How do I treat it?
- Equine First Aid. What do I Need?
- Grazing Muzzles and Metabolic Syndrome
- Shoo Fly! Horses vs. Flies ...
- Equine Vital Signs. What's Normal?
- Sheath and Udder Cleaning
- Cribbing. How Do I Make it Stop?
- Saddle Pads. What Kind Should I Buy?
- Trailering 101
- Saddle Fitting
- To Blanket or Not to Blanket
- Equine Vaccination Basics
- Equine Leg Protection
- Mini Horse Health
- Equine Dental Health
- Stable Vices
- The Prepurchase Examination
- Foals: What to Watch For
- Pain Management
- Draft Horses
- Hay Basics
- Barn Safety
- Calming Supplements
- Cold Weather Riding
- Equine Hoof Abscesses
- Bute and Banamine
- Equine Internal Parasites
- Equine Endurance and Electrolytes
- Burn Injuries
- West Nile
- Cold Weather Care
- Cold Weather Care for the Senior Horse
- Equine Rhinitis Virus
- Equine Ulcers
- Rain Rot
- Fall Hazards: Red Maple Leaf Toxicity
- 2013 AAEP Convention
- "Heaves" What is it?
- Lyme Disease
- Fashion Focus
Super Sponsorship Affiliate Program
- Become a Super Sponsorship Affiliate
- Successful Sponsorship Affiliates are...
- Equestrian Non-Profits
- Equestrian Interest Portals
- Equestrian Community Sites
- Equestrian Dating Sites
- Equestrian Travel Sites
- Boarding & Training Barns
- Equestrian Content & Information Sites
- Equestrian Organization Sites - 1 level
- Equestrian Organization Sites - Multi
- Equestrian Clubs
- Horse Show Sites
- Equestrian Consumer Shows
- Equestrian Directories
- Equestrian Services Sites
- Equestrian College Sites
- How the Program Works for You...
- The Power of Super Sponsorship
- Monthly Payments
- Participation is Easy & Free
- Equestrian Collections Gives
- Eco-Conscious Products
- Save Trees - No Catalogs
Troxel Safety Resource Center
Ask the Vet, Sallie S. Hyman VMD, DACVIM: Rain Rot
Every horse owner has experienced or knows someone whose horse has experienced Rain Rot. Those painful, oozing, crusty scabs that can seemingly appear overnight and seem to spread at the speed of light.
What is Rain Rot?
Dermatophilosis, more commonly referred to as “Rain Rot” is an infection of the epidermis of the skin by Dermatophilus congolensis. D. congolensis is a gram positive, non-acid-fast anaerobic actinomycete. Actinomycetes are organisms with characteristics common to both bacteria and fungi but yet possessing distinctive features to delimit them into a distinct category. Like a bacteria, they are unicellular, but like fungi, they produce hyphae (long branching filaments).
The natural habitat of D. congolensis is unknown, but as most actinomycetes are soil dwellers, it probably can reside there, although attempts to isolate it from soil have been unsuccessful to date. It has been recovered only from infected or carrier hosts and these are thought to be the main reservoir of the disease.
The condition usually appears during wet, humid times of the year and often when horses are blanketed. The zoospores require moisture and warm temperatures in order to be released. Blankets help to provide a warm and moist environment over the horse’s skin, especially if the horse sweats under the blanket of the blanket does not get changed after it gets wet from rain or snow.
In order for an infection to be established, there must be some break in the skin such as an abrasion, a bug bite or other breach of the protective barrier. Low concentrations of carbon dioxide emitted from the skin attract the motile zoospores to susceptible areas on the skin surface. Zoospores germinate to produce hyphae, which penetrate into the living epidermis and subsequently spread in all directions from the initial focus. Hyphal penetration causes an acute inflammatory reaction. This inflammatory reaction then culminates with the epidermis cornifying, separating, and forming the characteristic scab.
The lesions usually start out with the hair matted together as “paint-brush” lesions, then progress to curst or scabs, and finally become accumulations of cutaneous keratinized wart-like lesions. A thick yellow-green pus is usually present under the crusts. Lesions can occur anywhere on the body are most common over the dorsal surface (back), upper and lateral areas of the neck, face, and chest. White haired areas seem to be particulary susceptible.
Dermatophilosis is seen in all age, sex, and breeds. However, younger animals, those housed in very moist, humid conditions, and immunocompromised animals are more susceptible. Animals will display various degrees of pruritis (itchiness). Most affected animals recover spontaneously within 3 weeks of the initial infection (provided chronic maceration of the skin does not occur). In general, the onset of dry weather speeds healing. Uncomplicated skin lesions heal without scar formation. Lesions on the lower limbs can be painful enough to affect a horse’s performance. And certainly, if the lesions cover a large area of the body, especially over the back, it may not be possible to saddle your horse.
Horses become infected through contact with carrier or overtly infected animals. Fomites such as blankets, brushes, saddle pads, and tack can also transmit the disease. Biting insects such as flies and ticks can also serve as vectors.Diagnosis is usually made based on clinical signs and the typical appearance of lesions. A smear of the crusts or pus can be made to identify D. congolensis. A definitive diagnosis is made by demonstrating the organism in cytologic preparations, isolation via culture, and/or via skin biopsy. An indirect fluorescent antibody technique and a single dilution ELISA test have been developed for large serologic and epidemiologic surveys. The most practical diagnostic test is cytologic examination of fresh crusts and/or impression smears of the underside of freshly avulsed lesions. Fresh crusts are minced on a glass microscope slide with a sterile scalpel blade in several drops of sterile saline.
How Do I Treat Rain Rot?
Horses are treated using topical antibacterial shampoos that contain chlorhexidine, povidine-iodine, or benzyl peroxide. The horse should be lathered up, the shampoo left to soak for 10 mintues and then rinsed. Any loose scabs should be gently removed. Any adherent crusts can be treated with a povidine-iodine ointment to help to soften them for later removal. Severely affected horses may require parenteral antibiotics. However, these should be reserved for only the most severely affected and must be used in combination with topical treatments. Topical treatment with povidone-iodine has been found to be superior to parenteral oxytetracycline alone (100% to 66% effective, respectively).
Affected horses should be isolated and all equipment that has been in contact with them should be disinfected. Crusts that are removed from horses should be disposed of in the trash and not thrown on the floor in order to prevent creating a source of reinfection. Preventing chronic maceration of the skin and keeping your horse dry are important. Make sure that wet blankets are removed and horses have shelter to get out of the rain if they choose.
- Company Info
- About Equestrian Collections
- About our Website
- 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
- Customer Testimonials
- Rewards Program
- Join the Mount Up to Rewards Program
- Rewards for You
- Affiliate Program
- Become an Equestrian Collections Affiliate
- Sponsorships & Fundraising
- My Account
- Order Tracking
- Returns and Exchanges
- Shipping Info
- We Care
- Eco-Conscious Products
- No Paper Catalogs - Save Trees